The Norwegian Electronic vehicle initiative (started in 1989) is a good example of a mission that fulfils nearly all criteria our study have identified.
The Norwegian EV initiative is today a success. Norway has become a beacon of light, not just in Europe but across the world as the country having by far the highest share of EVs within their car fleet. Norway has actually not only reached but surpassed the original targets in their first white papers back in 2006, and later targets set in 2009 (85g/km CO2 was the target for newly sold cars, the likely result for 2017 is around 82-83 g/km CO2). Likewise, they by far have overreached their vision on number of EVs in Norway that by the end of the year 2017 most likely will surpass 155 000 EVs driving on the roads in Norway.
But not everything worked as planned, the anticipated development of an electronic vehicle manufacturing sector in Norway failed entirely, due to choices that in the end favoured manufacturers from other countries.
The case provides many perspectives on this mission, that is characterised by solving issues that matter to the citizens. It also shows how the creation of an EV infrastructure can act as the basis and testbed for SMART traffic systems, SMART mobility, SMART grid and SMART cities. Norway has created a global testbed.
Read the full case study here: LINK
Further publications will be posted in a regular basis.